Before you start
Know your camera
Read the manual thoroughly so you know your camera very well. You can learn a lot from reading the manual.
Prepare for the conditions
Check out the weather forecast and pack the right gear that you will need, if it’s a wet forecast take your waterproofs, rain covers and a lens hood. For sun take sun block. Make sure you are wearing the right kind of shoes, exercise shoes will normally be fine but if the conditions are poor you might want to get some hiking boots.
Take the right gear
It’s important to keep the camera steady for wildlife photography or your pictures will end up blurry so take a tripod if you have one. If you don’t have one you can try putting your camera on a wall or a rock or tree stump.
You need to spot the wildlife before you photograph it so take a long a pair of bincolurars or spotting scope
Choose a theme
If you can pick a topic or theme before you set off. You could research this online.
Patience is a key ingredient for getting good wildlife photography because you can’t tell the wildlife what to do and are just going to have to wait until you get a good shot.
Think about the rule of thirds. This is where the photograph is split into thirds and where the lines meet is a sweet spot. It will be best if you have the thing you are primarily concerned with in this sweet spot. It may or not be in the middle third of the photo.
Wildlife photography looks great close-up but it will not generally be possible to get close to wildlife because it will run or fly away. So you are likely to need to use a zoom to get close up, or if you don’t have a very long lens and are still too far away you could combine the lens with a binocular lens so create a super zoom.
Alternatively if you spin your binoculars around you could use this a macro lens.
Take pictures of their environment
But you don’t want to use close-ups all the time, you also want to capture the environment that the animals are living in. You’ll often be best off using a wide-angled lens for this.
Try to use as fast a shutter speed as you can
Great use of light
Light is absolutely vital for good photography. The best time for wildlife photography is often the golden hour, which is the time around sunrise or sunset when light takes on a golden appearance. It also lights up subjects from the side which can give some nice shadows.
A lack of sunlight doesn’t mean you’ll get bad photographs however. Some wildlife will photograph better without the shadows created by sunlight and a more uniform light.
Use the right settings
If you are using a compact camera make sure you have the right setting – macro for close ups and landscape for a wide angle shot.
If you are dealing with bright sunlight try putting filters on your camera or if you don’t have any you can improvise with a pair of sunglasses.